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Good Information

Government Policy

State of Oregon

or_hb_paris.pdf Oregon chart of Clean Energy Jobs committment (They think to Paris)

Making Buildings Help with Climate Change

Local City Climate Plans

Things Ed and Tracy have noticed:
       EPAP http://eastportlandactionplan.org/
        Milwaukie Oregon:  https://www.milwaukieoregon.gov/sites/default/files/fileattachments/planning/page/73491/final_vision_and_action_plan_with_appendices.pdf

Where we discovered:  Good Company: http://www.goodcompany.com/about-us.html

     Their Projects:           http://www.goodcompany.com/projects.html

     Their Clients:

              Eugene Climate and Energy Action Plan:  https://www.eugene-or.gov/Archive/ViewFile/Item/80
              Bend Oregon Climate Action Plan:  https://www.bendoregon.gov/community/sustainability/community-climate-action-plan
              Beaverton Oregon: SUSTAINABLE CITY OPERATIONS  https://www.beavertonoregon.gov/492/City-Operations
              Gresham, Oregon:  https://zeroenergyproject.org/advocate/model-climate-action-plans-ordinances/
              Hillsboro, Oregon:  https://www.hillsboro-oregon.gov/departments/city-manager-s-office/sustainability
              Lake Oswego, Oregon:  https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/sustainability/sustainability-action-plan-city-operations
             
             
             
             

Community Building Information


Urban Systems Research -- Han LiJune 19, 2018 - Building Technology and Urban Systems - Transforming Cities


rta_presentation-dm.pdf 4GDE can be an effective key to achieving deep decarbonization over the long term


General Information

22 May 2007-current - realclimate.org
“We’re often asked to provide a one stop link for resources that people can use to get up to speed on the issue of climate change, and so here is a selection. Unlike our other postings, we’ll amend this as we discover or are pointed to new resources. Different people have different needs and so we will group resources according to the level people start at.”

Tons of good information.


OCI THe Sky's Limit

UN Base Information

Green Energy Summaries

Wind Energy Summaries

US Utililty Scale Installations – Introduction to map


Fossil Fuel Subsidies

Sequestration Information

For now, I will categorize as either industrial processes or organic processes.


landmanagementpractices.jpgsequestration.pdf


Sequestration Industrial

I consider all attempts at this to be unuseful except to excuse fossil fuel use. If I find examples contrary to that, I'll note that, and modify this comment. Please contact webmaster@esf-oregon.org with suggestions.

Sequestration Organic

Regeneration International

It’s time to step up. It’s time to embrace hope. And our best hope is regeneration.The paradigm shift from degenerative food, farming and land-use practices toward regenerative practices—those that regenerate soil, biodiversity, health, local economies and climate stability—is arguably the most critical transformation occurring throughout the world today.

But that transformation won’t happen fast enough, unless we all step up. And the best place to take that first step is in our own communities.

In “First Steps: Build a Regeneration Movement in Your Local Community,” Regeneration International Steering Committee Member Ronnie Cummins offers suggestions for how to build a local core group to advance the regeneration movement.

Read Ronnie’s essay

Watch Ronnie’s presentation at the Living Soils Symposium

Onward, Regeneration International

Citizens Climate Lobby

Rick Brown

Global Warming COmmission Forestry Testimony

Chasing The Heat

Shale Gas / Fracked Gas - Fact Sheet

Fugitive Methane

Methane is a greenhouse gas over 100x as powerful as CO2. It has many sources, including leakage during fossil fuel extraction, organic sources, and an amazing store of frozen methane hydrate beneath Arctic Ocean. See Methane Bomb for one hot topic.

NYTimes 8/23/2017 Alaska Permafrost, a possible source of fugitive methane is defrosting faster than expected.

Fugitive Methane From Fracking

What is Fracking to Fugitive Rate?

There is a big controversy about; “How clean is “Natural Gas”?”. In general, surprising amount of methane have appeared in the atmosphere. Part of the reason having large amounts is surprising is that with a half life of 11 to 12 years (see note) old methane fades away. Increasing amounts means it is getting replaced faster than the half-life decay process.

note:(Half-life number changes from one evaluation to another. It only counts after it reaches the upper atmosphere, and that makes it harder to track)

Both biological methane and fracking methane have been growing – maybe not quite in synchronism. Several types of methane have different signatures in their isotopic mixes. We have a page for that topic, and it may be mentioned in references, below:

California Environmental Protection Agency - Air Resources Board - Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Report

California Environmental Protection Agency - Air Resources Board - Short-Lived Climate Pollutant Reduction Strategy

“Methane is responsible for about 20 percent of current global warming, and methane emissions continue to increase globally.”

Compute total leakage in CA in 2030 after AB 32 leak detection and reduction. Figure 5 reports Pipeline 13% plus 3% extraction = 15% of 117MMTCO2e (all CA sources). 15% = 17.5MMTCO2e.

Total CA production is taken from the demand table found here, http://www.energy.ca.gov/almanac/naturalgas_data/overview.html

Total = 2,313 Bcf/yr in 2012. Assume production is constant through 2030. This converts to 120 MMTCO2e/yr, from entering 2313 in the conversion table as standard cubic feet (SCF) here: http://www.uigi.com/co2_quantity_convert.html

Finally we get 17.5 / 120 = 14% for annual leakage in CA after remediation.

Methane Leaks Erase Climate Benefit Of Fracked Gas, Countless Studies Find

fugitivemethane_thinkprogress.jpgMethane Leaks Erase Climate Benefit Of Fracked Gas, Countless Studies Find

Internal references:

  1. found and captured this: 2011 WEO2011_GoldenAgeofGasReport.pdf (original reference has disappeared:) IEA Golden Age of Gas Scenario 2010 -
    Well-to-burner: Conventional gas 0% venting, shale gas flaring 3.5%, venting 12%
  2. Captured Wayback
    Air sampling by NOAA over Colorado Finds 4% Methane Leakage, More Than Double Industry Claims
    Shale gas leaks and venting, 3.6% to 7.9%
  3. | You Need ‘Rapid and Massive Deployment’ of Zero-Carbon Power - 2012 Captured Wayback
    It should be obvious that if you are just building new gas plants and not replacing coal power 1 for 1 — which is what we are doing today — then things are even worse for gas. And this doesn’t even count the opportunity cost of all that money spent on gas infrastructure.
  4. Natural Gas Is A Bridge To Nowhere Absent A Carbon Price AND Strong Standards To Reduce Methane Leakage
    Natural Gas Vehicles: the extra steps involved in using natural gas as a transport fuel — including fueling and onboard storage, increases the system leakage rate significantly.
    “ .. the substitution of gas for coal as an energy source results in increased rather than decreased global warming for many decades.”
  5. g. Study Finds Methane Leakage From Gas Fields High Enough To Gut Climate Benefit 2013
    … the natural gas field leaked 6 to 12 percent of the methane produced, on average, on February days.
    …unless leakage rates for new methane can be kept below 2%, substituting gas for coal is not an effective means for reducing the magnitude of future climate change.
  6. gangplank_bridge.jpgbridge_out_bombshell_study_finds_methane_emissions_from_natural_gas_production_far_higher_than_epa_estimates_thinkprogress.pdf
    Study by Harvard, NOAA and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab  reported “regional methane emissions due to fossil fuel extraction and processing could be 4.9 ± 2.6 times larger than previously reported in the government’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval (EDGAR) database.
  7. bythetime.jpgby_the_time_natural_gas_has_a_net_climate_benefit_you_ll_likely_be_dead_and_the_climate_ruined_thinkprogress.pdf A review of more than 200 earlier studies confirms that U.S. emissions of methane are considerably higher than official estimates 2014 \\Given the risks to humanity from climate change — and the vast sums of money being spent (or squandered) on the NG boom — it seems conservative to take the middle of the range, 5.4%. That’s particularly conservative given that 3 separate studies by NOAA found leakage rates just from NG production (not distribution) of 4%, 17%, and 6–12% .
  8. {{ :pdf:up_to_1_000_times_more_methane_released_at_gas_wells_than_epa_estimates_study_finds_thinkprogress.pdf |}} Given the risks to humanity from climate change — and the vast sums of money being spent (or squandered) on the NG boom — it seems conservative to take the middle of the range, 5.4%. That’s particularly conservative given that 3 separate studies by NOAA found leakage rates just from NG production (not distribution) of 4%, 17%, and 6–12% Methane (CH4), the chief component of natural gas, makes up about nine percent of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions.
  9. gangplank_bridge.jpgExpanded Natural Gas Use Worsens Climate Change 2014 “increased natural gas use for electricity will not substantially reduce US GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions, and by delaying deployment of renewable energy technologies, may actually exacerbate the climate change problem in the long term – even with zero methane leakage.
  10. nasa_methane_hotspot.jpgu.s.pdf The hot spot, near the Four Corners intersection of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah, covers only about 2,500 square miles (6,500 square kilometers), or half the size of Connecticut.
  11. methaneleaks.jpgmethane_leaks_wipe_out_any_climate_benefit_of_fracking_satellite_observations_confirm_thinkprogress.pdf The new study used satellites to look at actual “methane emissions for two of the fastest growing production regions in the United States, the Bakken and Eagle Ford formations,” between the periods 2006–2008 and 2009–2011. They found leakages rates of 10.1 percent and 9.1 percent respectively.
    “increased natural gas use for electricity will not substantially reduce US GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions, and by delaying deployment of renewable energy technologies, may actually exacerbate the climate change problem in the long term.”
  12. moremethaneleaks.jpgn. Ten studies find methane leakage from major fracking region much higher than EPA estimates 2015 If methane emissions creep above 3 percent, fuel switching could get us nowhere.

Methane leaks across US pose a much greater threat than Aliso Canyon

shutitalldown.jpgMethane leaks across US pose a much greater threat than Aliso Canyon researchers have found methane losses [NOAA, 18 Feb 2016 ] of nearly 17% of production in the Los Angeles Basin, losses of 6-12% of natural gas production in the Uintah Basin and losses of approximately 4% of production in the Denver-Julesburg Basin.

Natural Gas and Global Warming: A Review of Evidence Finds that Methane Leaks Undercut the Climate Benefits of Gas - Frontier Group, July 2016

Methane Matters: Scientists Work to Quantify the Effects of a Potent Greenhouse Gas

Scientists Work to Quantify the Effects of a Potent Greenhouse Gas

Determining how much methane is leaking is not straightforward, and while several research groups have attempted to pin the leak rate down, there is little consensus. Estimates from government agencies and individual researchers—based on observations from the ground, sky, and space—range from 1.5 percent to 10 percent, with the remote sensing studies generally finding higher leak rates.

In order to achieve an immediate climate benefit from natural gas, most scientists think the cumulative leakage should be no more than 3.2 percent of production. Beyond that, the extra warming caused by the leaked methane outweighs the potential benefit.

Far More Methane Leaking at Oil, Gas Sites in Pennsylvania than Reported

Far More Methane Leaking at Oil, Gas Sites in Pennsylvania than Reported]

Company-reported estimates are 1/5th of actual emissions.

There are far more conventional wells than unconventional ones in the state, and because they are older they leak at a much higher rate. Twenty-three percent of methane at a conventional well leaked into the atmosphere

Stunning new research finds fracking a major source of carbon pollution in Pennsylvania

good_information.txt · Last modified: 2018/11/15 03:53 by admin