or_hb_paris.pdf Oregon chart of Clean Energy Jobs committment (They think to Paris)
Things Ed and Tracy have noticed:
Milwaukie Oregon: https://www.milwaukieoregon.gov/sites/default/files/fileattachments/planning/page/73491/final_vision_and_action_plan_with_appendices.pdf
Where we discovered: Good Company: http://www.goodcompany.com/about-us.html
Their Projects: http://www.goodcompany.com/projects.html
Eugene Climate and Energy Action Plan: https://www.eugene-or.gov/Archive/ViewFile/Item/80
Bend Oregon Climate Action Plan: https://www.bendoregon.gov/community/sustainability/community-climate-action-plan
Beaverton Oregon: SUSTAINABLE CITY OPERATIONS https://www.beavertonoregon.gov/492/City-Operations
Gresham, Oregon: https://zeroenergyproject.org/advocate/model-climate-action-plans-ordinances/
Hillsboro, Oregon: https://www.hillsboro-oregon.gov/departments/city-manager-s-office/sustainability
Lake Oswego, Oregon: https://www.ci.oswego.or.us/sustainability/sustainability-action-plan-city-operations
Urban Systems Research -- Han LiJune 19, 2018 - Building Technology and Urban Systems - Transforming Cities
rta_presentation-dm.pdf 4GDE can be an effective key to achieving deep decarbonization over the long term
22 May 2007-current - realclimate.org
“We’re often asked to provide a one stop link for resources that people can use to get up to speed on the issue of climate change, and so here is a selection. Unlike our other postings, we’ll amend this as we discover or are pointed to new resources. Different people have different needs and so we will group resources according to the level people start at.”
Tons of good information.
For now, I will categorize as either industrial processes or organic processes.
I consider all attempts at this to be unuseful except to excuse fossil fuel use. If I find examples contrary to that, I'll note that, and modify this comment. Please contact email@example.com with suggestions.
It’s time to step up. It’s time to embrace hope. And our best hope is regeneration.The paradigm shift from degenerative food, farming and land-use practices toward regenerative practices—those that regenerate soil, biodiversity, health, local economies and climate stability—is arguably the most critical transformation occurring throughout the world today.
But that transformation won’t happen fast enough, unless we all step up. And the best place to take that first step is in our own communities.
In “First Steps: Build a Regeneration Movement in Your Local Community,” Regeneration International Steering Committee Member Ronnie Cummins offers suggestions for how to build a local core group to advance the regeneration movement.
Onward, Regeneration International
Methane is a greenhouse gas over 100x as powerful as CO2. It has many sources, including leakage during fossil fuel extraction, organic sources, and an amazing store of frozen methane hydrate beneath Arctic Ocean. See Methane Bomb for one hot topic.
There is a big controversy about; “How clean is “Natural Gas”?”. In general, surprising amount of methane have appeared in the atmosphere. Part of the reason having large amounts is surprising is that with a half life of 11 to 12 years (see note) old methane fades away. Increasing amounts means it is getting replaced faster than the half-life decay process.
note:(Half-life number changes from one evaluation to another. It only counts after it reaches the upper atmosphere, and that makes it harder to track)
Both biological methane and fracking methane have been growing – maybe not quite in synchronism. Several types of methane have different signatures in their isotopic mixes. We have a page for that topic, and it may be mentioned in references, below:
“Methane is responsible for about 20 percent of current global warming, and methane emissions continue to increase globally.”
Compute total leakage in CA in 2030 after AB 32 leak detection and reduction. Figure 5 reports Pipeline 13% plus 3% extraction = 15% of 117MMTCO2e (all CA sources). 15% = 17.5MMTCO2e.
Total CA production is taken from the demand table found here, http://www.energy.ca.gov/almanac/naturalgas_data/overview.html
Total = 2,313 Bcf/yr in 2012. Assume production is constant through 2030. This converts to 120 MMTCO2e/yr, from entering 2313 in the conversion table as standard cubic feet (SCF) here: http://www.uigi.com/co2_quantity_convert.html
Finally we get 17.5 / 120 = 14% for annual leakage in CA after remediation.
Methane leaks across US pose a much greater threat than Aliso Canyon “researchers have found methane losses [NOAA, 18 Feb 2016 ] of nearly 17% of production in the Los Angeles Basin, losses of 6-12% of natural gas production in the Uintah Basin and losses of approximately 4% of production in the Denver-Julesburg Basin.
In southwestern Pennsylvania, an area with extensive fracking activity, researchers from Purdue, Cornell, CU Boulder, Penn State and NOAA estimate that 7 percent of natural gas produced in the region escapes to the atmosphere.
Determining how much methane is leaking is not straightforward, and while several research groups have attempted to pin the leak rate down, there is little consensus. Estimates from government agencies and individual researchers—based on observations from the ground, sky, and space—range from 1.5 percent to 10 percent, with the remote sensing studies generally finding higher leak rates.
In order to achieve an immediate climate benefit from natural gas, most scientists think the cumulative leakage should be no more than 3.2 percent of production. Beyond that, the extra warming caused by the leaked methane outweighs the potential benefit.
Company-reported estimates are 1/5th of actual emissions.
There are far more conventional wells than unconventional ones in the state, and because they are older they leak at a much higher rate. Twenty-three percent of methane at a conventional well leaked into the atmosphere