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humancauses [2017/07/24 03:21] (current)
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 +====== The Human Causes ======
  
 +The simple explanation of the problem is that the Industrial Revolution caused carbon fuel usage to grow until it became a controlling factor in climate regulation.
 +
 +The real problem comes from the fact that while we started to understand that many years ago, we haven'​t acted on that knowledge fast enough, yet. Especially in the direct presence of the people who profited extraordinarily from producing the fossil fuels for use, a misinformation process was used to prevent people from understanding or believing in just how bad things were. [This has been limited to The United States, it's growing Oligarchy, and their control of much of congress. And the Canadial government which quickly switched from being environmentalist to being strongly supporting of the fossil-fuel extractivist industry. ​ And similarly in Australia, as they have tried to monetize their coal reserves. ]
 +
 +Demonstrably,​ there are people for whom near-term profit trumps protecting future generations of humans. ​ Thus, we become lemmings headed for the climate cliff.
 +
 +===== The Human Tie to Climate Change =====
 +<​html>​
 +<meta http-equiv="​content-type"​ content="​text/​html;​ charset=UTF-8">​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
 +small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; margin-top: 0px;
 +margin-bottom:​ 23px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-style: normal;
 +font-variant:​ normal; font-weight:​ normal; letter-spacing:​ normal;
 +orphans: auto; text-indent:​ 0px; text-transform:​ none;
 +white-space:​ normal; widows: 1; word-spacing:​ 0px;
 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
 +255);">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​45"​ style="​position:​ relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​ normal;
 +margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block; overflow: hidden;
 +text-overflow:​ ellipsis; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​https://​www.edf.org/​climate/​human-activity-is-causing-global-warming"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​3','​AFQjCNHarzn7NtfmuUgbae0VdtcDIARu2w','','​0CC4QFjACahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0','','',​event)"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​How are humans responsible for
 +global warming ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);
 +display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​ 16px;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style: normal; font-size: 14px;">​https://​www.edf.org/​.../<​b>​human</​b>​-activity-is-<​b>​ca</​b>​...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​ inline;
 +position: relative; margin: 0px 3px; vertical-align:​
 +middle; -webkit-user-select:​ none;"><​a class="​_Fmb
 +ab_button"​
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​webhp?​sourceid=chrome-instant&​amp;​ion=1&​amp;​espv=2&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
 +id="​am-b2"​ aria-label="​Result details"​
 +aria-expanded="​false"​ aria-haspopup="​true"​
 +role="​button"​
 +jsaction="​m.tdd;​keydown:​m.hbke;​keypress:​m.mskpe"​
 +data-ved="​0CC8Q7B0wAmoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​border-radius:​ 0px; cursor: default;
 +font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px;
 +font-weight:​ bold; height: 12px; line-height:​ 27px;
 +margin: 0px; min-width: 0px; padding: 0px; text-align:
 +center; transition: none; -webkit-user-select:​ none;
 +border: 0px; color: rgb(128, 128, 128); box-shadow:
 +0px 0px 0px 0px; filter: none; width: 13px;
 +text-decoration:​ none; display: inline-block;​
 +background-image:​ none; background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​ rgb(0, 102,
 +33) transparent;​ border-style:​ solid; border-width:​
 +5px 4px 0px !important; width: 0px; height: 0px;
 +margin-left:​ 3px; top: 7.5px; margin-top: -4px;
 +position: absolute; left: 0px;"></​span></​a>​
 +<div class="​action-menu-panel ab_dropdown"​ role="​menu"​
 +tabindex="​-1"​
 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
 +data-ved="​0CDAQqR8wAmoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​border:​ 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
 +font-size: 13px; padding: 0px; position: absolute;
 +right: auto; top: 12px; white-space:​ nowrap; z-index:
 +3; transition: opacity 0.218s; box-shadow: rgba(0, 0,
 +0, 0.2) 0px 2px 4px; left: 0px; visibility: hidden;
 +background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">​
 +<ul style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px;">​
 +<li class="​action-menu-item ab_dropdownitem"​
 +role="​menuitem"​ style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor: pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​ position:
 +relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​2;​ri:;​site:​edf.org"​
 +data-async-trigger="​cra-2-filled"​
 +jsaction="​crd.tglpop"​
 +data-ved="​0CDIQ5CswAmoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor: pointer;
 +display: inline-block;​ font-size: 14px;">​Environmental
 +Defense Fund<​span class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px
 +4px 0px; border-style:​ solid; width: 0px; height:
 +0px; top: 8.5px; position: absolute; margin-left:​
 +6px; margin-top: -3px; border-color:​ rgb(170, 170,
 +170) transparent !important;"></​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4; word-wrap:
 +break-word;"><​em style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style:
 +normal; color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Causes of global
 +warming</​em><​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​include<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​human</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​activities
 +like deforestation and burning fossil fuels.</​span>​
 +<div class="​osl"​ style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119);
 +margin-top: 0px;">​‎<​a class="​fl"​
 +href="​https://​www.edf.org/​climate/​climate-change-how-you-can-make-difference"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​3','​AFQjCNEjK__MjvTSaC-On3Ww-PqX4AarZw','','​0CDQQ0gIoADACahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0','','',​event)"​
 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26, 13, 171);
 +cursor: pointer;">​Going “green” isn't the answer ...</​a><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-&​nbsp;​‎<​a
 +class="​fl"​
 +href="​https://​www.edf.org/​climate/​climate-change-impacts"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​3','​AFQjCNFfIm9cUYTznVv9qfr2zBsHquVNoA','','​0CDUQ0gIoATACahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0','','',​event)"​
 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26, 13, 171);
 +cursor: pointer;">​Climate change impacts</​a><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-&​nbsp;​‎<​a
 +class="​fl"​
 +href="​https://​www.edf.org/​methane-other-important-greenhouse-gas"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​3','​AFQjCNFLx8HQUtnOxClh52HnLucRMBSNfg','','​0CDYQ0gIoAjACahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0','','',​event)"​
 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26, 13, 171);
 +cursor: pointer;">​Methane</​a><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-&​nbsp;​‎<​a
 +class="​fl"​
 +href="​https://​www.edf.org/​climate/​climate-facts-dangers-and-what-you-can-do"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​3','​AFQjCNGhUFbAiXepmarU2NBuO1r9miA57w','','​0CDcQ0gIoAzACahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0','','',​event)"​
 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26, 13, 171);
 +cursor: pointer;">​The problem</​a></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
 +small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; margin-top: 0px;
 +margin-bottom:​ 23px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-style: normal;
 +font-variant:​ normal; font-weight:​ normal; letter-spacing:​ normal;
 +orphans: auto; text-indent:​ 0px; text-transform:​ none;
 +white-space:​ normal; widows: 1; word-spacing:​ 0px;
 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
 +255);">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​56"​ style="​position:​ relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​ normal;
 +margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block; overflow: hidden;
 +text-overflow:​ ellipsis; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​https://​www.nwf.org/​Wildlife/​Threats-to-Wildlife/​Global-Warming/​Global-Warming-is-Human-Caused.aspx"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​4','​AFQjCNHJcj7BU7WdapOvCjjF9VgIvTs88g','','​0CDkQFjADahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0','','',​event)"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Global Warming is Human Caused -
 +National Wildlife ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);
 +display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​ 16px;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style: normal; font-size: 14px;">​https://​www.nwf.org/​.../<​b>​Global</​b>​-<​b>​Warming</​b>/<​b>​Gl</​b>​...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​ inline;
 +position: relative; margin: 0px 3px; vertical-align:​
 +middle; -webkit-user-select:​ none;"><​a class="​_Fmb
 +ab_button"​
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​webhp?​sourceid=chrome-instant&​amp;​ion=1&​amp;​espv=2&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
 +id="​am-b3"​ aria-label="​Result details"​
 +aria-expanded="​false"​ aria-haspopup="​true"​
 +role="​button"​
 +jsaction="​m.tdd;​keydown:​m.hbke;​keypress:​m.mskpe"​
 +data-ved="​0CDoQ7B0wA2oVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​border-radius:​ 0px; cursor: default;
 +font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px;
 +font-weight:​ bold; height: 12px; line-height:​ 27px;
 +margin: 0px; min-width: 0px; padding: 0px; text-align:
 +center; transition: none; -webkit-user-select:​ none;
 +border: 0px; color: rgb(128, 128, 128); box-shadow:
 +0px 0px 0px 0px; filter: none; width: 13px;
 +text-decoration:​ none; display: inline-block;​
 +background-image:​ none; background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​ rgb(0, 102,
 +33) transparent;​ border-style:​ solid; border-width:​
 +5px 4px 0px !important; width: 0px; height: 0px;
 +margin-left:​ 3px; top: 7.5px; margin-top: -4px;
 +position: absolute; left: 0px;"></​span></​a>​
 +<div class="​action-menu-panel ab_dropdown"​ role="​menu"​
 +tabindex="​-1"​
 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
 +data-ved="​0CDsQqR8wA2oVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​border:​ 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
 +font-size: 13px; padding: 0px; position: absolute;
 +right: auto; top: 12px; white-space:​ nowrap; z-index:
 +3; transition: opacity 0.218s; box-shadow: rgba(0, 0,
 +0, 0.2) 0px 2px 4px; left: 0px; visibility: hidden;
 +background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">​
 +<ul style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px;">​
 +<li class="​action-menu-item ab_dropdownitem"​
 +role="​menuitem"​ style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor: pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​ position:
 +relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​3;​ri:;​site:​nwf.org"​
 +data-async-trigger="​cra-3-filled"​
 +jsaction="​crd.tglpop"​
 +data-ved="​0CD0Q5CswA2oVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor: pointer;
 +display: inline-block;​ font-size: 14px;">​National
 +Wildlife Federation<​span class="​_Bs"​
 +style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px; border-style:​
 +solid; width: 0px; height: 0px; top: 8.5px;
 +position: absolute; margin-left:​ 6px; margin-top:
 +-3px; border-color:​ rgb(170, 170, 170) transparent
 +!important;"></​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ data-hveid="​62"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;">​The Earth then radiates some heat
 +back into the atmosphere. Some of that heat is trapped by
 +greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, including carbon
 +dioxide (CO2).<​em style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style:
 +normal; color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Human</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​activity--such
 +as burning fossil fuels--<​em style="​font-weight:​ bold;
 +font-style: normal; color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​causes</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​more
 +greenhouse gases to build up in the atmosphere.</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
 +small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; margin-top: 0px;
 +margin-bottom:​ 23px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-style: normal;
 +font-variant:​ normal; font-weight:​ normal; letter-spacing:​ normal;
 +orphans: auto; text-indent:​ 0px; text-transform:​ none;
 +white-space:​ normal; widows: 1; word-spacing:​ 0px;
 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
 +255);">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​63"​ style="​position:​ relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​ normal;
 +margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block; overflow: hidden;
 +text-overflow:​ ellipsis; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​www.ucsusa.org/​global_warming/​science_and_impacts/​science/​human-contribution-to-gw-faq.html"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​5','​AFQjCNHcC97I-u3zssfcQ5TxPkmtfyoFOQ','','​0CEAQFjAEahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0','','',​event)"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​How Do We Know that Humans Are the
 +Major Cause of Global</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);
 +display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​ 16px;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style: normal; font-size: 14px;">​www.ucsusa.org/<​b>​global</​b>​_<​b>​warming</​b>/​.../<​b>​huma</​b>​...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​ inline;
 +position: relative; margin: 0px 3px; vertical-align:​
 +middle; -webkit-user-select:​ none;"><​a class="​_Fmb
 +ab_button"​
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​webhp?​sourceid=chrome-instant&​amp;​ion=1&​amp;​espv=2&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
 +id="​am-b4"​ aria-label="​Result details"​
 +aria-expanded="​false"​ aria-haspopup="​true"​
 +role="​button"​
 +jsaction="​m.tdd;​keydown:​m.hbke;​keypress:​m.mskpe"​
 +data-ved="​0CEEQ7B0wBGoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​border-radius:​ 0px; cursor: default;
 +font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px;
 +font-weight:​ bold; height: 12px; line-height:​ 27px;
 +margin: 0px; min-width: 0px; padding: 0px; text-align:
 +center; transition: none; -webkit-user-select:​ none;
 +border: 0px; color: rgb(128, 128, 128); box-shadow:
 +0px 0px 0px 0px; filter: none; width: 13px;
 +text-decoration:​ none; display: inline-block;​
 +background-image:​ none; background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​ rgb(0, 102,
 +33) transparent;​ border-style:​ solid; border-width:​
 +5px 4px 0px !important; width: 0px; height: 0px;
 +margin-left:​ 3px; top: 7.5px; margin-top: -4px;
 +position: absolute; left: 0px;"></​span></​a>​
 +<div class="​action-menu-panel ab_dropdown"​ role="​menu"​
 +tabindex="​-1"​
 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
 +data-ved="​0CEIQqR8wBGoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​border:​ 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
 +font-size: 13px; padding: 0px; position: absolute;
 +right: auto; top: 12px; white-space:​ nowrap; z-index:
 +3; transition: opacity 0.218s; box-shadow: rgba(0, 0,
 +0, 0.2) 0px 2px 4px; left: 0px; visibility: hidden;
 +background: rgb(255, 255, 255);">​
 +<ul style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px;">​
 +<li class="​action-menu-item ab_dropdownitem"​
 +role="​menuitem"​ style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor: pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +<li class="​action-menu-item ab_dropdownitem"​
 +role="​menuitem"​ style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor: pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​ position:
 +relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​4;​ri:;​site:​ucsusa.org"​
 +data-async-trigger="​cra-4-filled"​
 +jsaction="​crd.tglpop"​
 +data-ved="​0CEUQ5CswBGoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor: pointer;
 +display: inline-block;​ font-size: 14px;">​Union of
 +Concerned Scientists<​span class="​_Bs"​
 +style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px; border-style:​
 +solid; width: 0px; height: 0px; top: 8.5px;
 +position: absolute; margin-left:​ 6px; margin-top:
 +-3px; border-color:​ rgb(170, 170, 170) transparent
 +!important;"></​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ data-hveid="​70"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;"><​span class="​f"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(128, 128, 128);">​Jump to<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​a
 +class="​fl"​
 +href="​http://​www.ucsusa.org/​global_warming/​science_and_impacts/​science/​human-contribution-to-gw-faq.html#​bf-toc-0"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​5','​AFQjCNHcC97I-u3zssfcQ5TxPkmtfyoFOQ','','​0CEcQygQwBGoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd','','',​event)"​
 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26, 13, 171);
 +cursor: pointer;">​How do we know that<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​b>​humans</​b><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​are the
 +major<​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​b>​cause
 +of global</​b><​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​b>​...</​b></​a><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span></​span>​The
 +Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Climate Change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​(IPCC)
 +states: it is a greater than a 90 percent certainty that
 +emissions of heat-trapping gases from<em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​human</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​activities
 +have<​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​caused</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​“most of the
 +observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since
 +the mid-20th century.”[1] We all know ...</​span>​
 +<div class="​osl"​ style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119);
 +margin-top: 0px;">​‎<​a class="​fl"​
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 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26, 13, 171);
 +cursor: pointer;">​How do we know that humans are ...</​a><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-&​nbsp;​‎<​a
 +class="​fl"​
 +href="​http://​www.ucsusa.org/​global_warming/​science_and_impacts/​science/​human-contribution-to-gw-faq.html#​bf-toc-1"​
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 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26, 13, 171);
 +cursor: pointer;">​Direct evidence of human ...</​a></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
 +small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; margin-top: 0px;
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 +white-space:​ normal; widows: 1; word-spacing:​ 0px;
 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
 +255);">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​75"​ style="​position:​ relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​ normal;
 +margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block; overflow: hidden;
 +text-overflow:​ ellipsis; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Climate Change: Vital Signs of the
 +Planet: Evidence - Global ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);
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 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​ inline;
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 +role="​menuitem"​ style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
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 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor: pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​ position:
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 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​5;​ri:​GAE%3D;​site:​climate.nasa.gov"​
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor: pointer;
 +display: inline-block;​ font-size: 14px;">​NASA<​span
 +class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px;
 +border-style:​ solid; width: 0px; height: 0px; top:
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4; word-wrap:
 +break-word;">​Vital Signs of the Planet:<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Global Climate Change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​and<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Global Warming</​em>​. ...<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​span
 +class="​ft">​ago marking the beginning of the modern
 +climate era — and of<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​human</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​civilization.</​span><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​...<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​span
 +class="​ft">​There is no question that increased levels of
 +greenhouse gases must<​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​cause</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​the</​span><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
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 +text-overflow:​ ellipsis; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​url?​sa=t&​amp;​rct=j&​amp;​q=&​amp;​esrc=s&​amp;​source=web&​amp;​cd=7&​amp;​cad=rja&​amp;​uact=8&​amp;​ved=0CFIQFjAGahUKEwik79qG_7HIAhWGNT4KHTAFAd0&​amp;​url=http%3A%2F%2Fclimate.nasa.gov%2Fcauses&​amp;​usg=AFQjCNHaAOUM70fXGr28gKbwDCl2OXoBow&​amp;​bvm=bv.104819420,​bs.2,​d.dmo"​
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 +data-href="​http://​climate.nasa.gov/​causes"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer; text-decoration:​
 +underline;">​Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet:
 +Causes - Global ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
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 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​ position:
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 +class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px;
 +border-style:​ solid; width: 0px; height: 0px; top:
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4; word-wrap:
 +break-word;">​Vital Signs of the Planet:<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Global Climate Change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​and<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Global Warming</​em>​. What is the
 +“greenhouse effect”? What is<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​causing</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​it?​ Are<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​humans</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​to blame?
 +What does&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
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 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
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 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​87"​ style="​position:​ relative;">​
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Empirical evidence that humans are
 +causing global warming</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
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 +display: inline-block;​ font-size: 14px;">​Skeptical
 +Science<​span class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px
 +0px; border-style:​ solid; width: 0px; height: 0px;
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4; word-wrap:
 +break-word;">​The proof that man-made CO2 is<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​causing global warming</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​is like the
 +chain of evidence in a court case. CO2 keeps the Earth
 +warmer than it would be without it.</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
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 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​93"​ style="​position:​ relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​ normal;
 +margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block; overflow: hidden;
 +text-overflow:​ ellipsis; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Human Caused Global Warming — OSS
 +Foundation</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);
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 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm bc" style="​color:​
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 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​ inline;
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4; word-wrap:
 +break-word;">​How do we know current<​span
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 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​global warming</​em><​span
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 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​human caused</​em>,​ or man made? Is<span
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 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​global warming</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​real,​ or a
 +hoax? Consider the facts: the climate system is
 +indicated&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
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 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​ normal;
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Causes of Climate Change | Climate
 +Change | US EPA</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);
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 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​ position:
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor: pointer;
 +display: inline-block;​ font-size: 14px;">​United States
 +Environmental Protection Agency<​span class="​_Bs"​
 +style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px; border-style:​
 +solid; width: 0px; height: 0px; top: 8.5px;
 +position: absolute; margin-left:​ 6px; margin-top:
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4; word-wrap:
 +break-word;"><​span class="​f"​ style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128);">​Sep 3, 2015 -<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span></​span><​span
 +class="​ft">​Before<​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​humans</​em>,​ changes in climate
 +resulted entirely from natural<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​causes</​em>​such as changes in
 +Earth'​s orbit, changes in solar activity, or volcanic</​span><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
 +small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; margin-top: 0px;
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 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
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 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​107"​ style="​position:​ relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​ normal;
 +margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block; overflow: hidden;
 +text-overflow:​ ellipsis; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​www3.epa.gov/​climatechange/​science/​overview.html"​
 +onmousedown="​return
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Science | Climate Change | US EPA</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84, 84, 84);
 +line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);
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 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style: normal; font-size: 14px;">​www3.epa.gov/<​b>​climatech</​b>​...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​ inline;
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 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​webhp?​sourceid=chrome-instant&​amp;​ion=1&​amp;​espv=2&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
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 +background-image:​ none; background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​ rgb(0, 102,
 +33) transparent;​ border-style:​ solid; border-width:​
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 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
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 +style="​border:​ 1px solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
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 +role="​menuitem"​ style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor: pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​ position:
 +relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​10;​ri:;​site:​epa.gov"​
 +data-async-trigger="​cra-10-filled"​
 +jsaction="​crd.tglpop"​
 +data-ved="​0CHAQ5CswCmoVChMIpO_ahv-xyAIVhjU-Ch0wBQHd"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor: pointer;
 +display: inline-block;​ font-size: 14px;">​United States
 +Environmental Protection Agency<​span class="​_Bs"​
 +style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px; border-style:​
 +solid; width: 0px; height: 0px; top: 8.5px;
 +position: absolute; margin-left:​ 6px; margin-top:
 +-3px; border-color:​ rgb(170, 170, 170) transparent
 +!important;"></​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4; word-wrap:
 +break-word;"><​span class="​f"​ style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128);">​Sep 23, 2015 -<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span></​span><​span
 +class="​ft">​Natural<​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​causes</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​alone
 +cannot explain all of these changes.<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Human</​em>​activities are
 +contributing to<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal; color:
 +rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em>,​ primarily by
 +releasing billions of</​span><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left; font-size:
 +small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; margin-top: 0px;
 +margin-bottom:​ 16px; color: rgb(34, 34, 34); font-style: normal;
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 +white-space:​ normal; widows: 1; word-spacing:​ 0px;
 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
 +255);">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​114"​ style="​position:​ relative;"><​br
 +class="​Apple-interchange-newline">​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​html>​
 +
 +
 +
 +===== The Climate Change Disinformation Campaign =====
 +
 +<​html>  ​
 +<meta http-equiv="​content-type"​ content="​text/​html;​ charset=UTF-8">​
 +<div data-jibp="​h"​ data-jiis="​uc"​ id="​topstuff"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(34, 34, 34); font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size:
 +medium; font-style: normal; font-variant:​ normal; font-weight:​
 +normal; letter-spacing:​ normal; line-height:​ normal; orphans:
 +auto; text-align: start; text-indent:​ 0px; text-transform:​ none;
 +white-space:​ normal; widows: 1; word-spacing:​ 0px;
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 +<div class="​e obp" style="​margin:​ 2px 0px 0.75em; padding-top:​
 +6px;">​
 +<table class="​ts std" style="​border-collapse:​ collapse;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;">​
 +<​tbody>​
 +<tr>
 +<td colspan="​2"​ style="​padding:​ 0px;" valign="​top">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​scholar.google.com/​scholar?​q=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​hl=en&​amp;​as_sdt=0&​amp;​as_vis=1&​amp;​oi=scholart&​amp;​sa=X&​amp;​ved=0CBwQgQMwAGoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none; white-space:​ normal;">​Scholarly
 +articles for<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​b>​Climate
 +Change Disinformation Campaign</​b></​a></​h3>​
 +</td>
 +</tr>
 +<tr>
 +<td style="​padding:​ 0px;" valign="​top">​
 +<div style="​margin:​ 4px 0px 0px;"><​a
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​url?​url=http://​scholar.google.com/​scholar_url%3Furl%3Dhttp://​verderiverinstitute.org/​communicatingclimatechange.pdf%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26scisig%3DAAGBfm3H4H1PtGr8uBWM0kxGyPldA3rDEw%26nossl%3D1%26oi%3Dscholarr&​amp;​rct=j&​amp;​q=&​amp;​esrc=s&​amp;​sa=X&​amp;​ved=0CB0QgAMoADAAahUKEwj9ntjfgbLIAhVDbB4KHR-CCpg&​amp;​usg=AFQjCNHndE1ySZ2Y2U7HJZH5vGZWCJCyBQ"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​the science of<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​b>​climate
 +change</​b></​a><​span class="​f"​ style="​color:​
 +rgb(128, 128, 128);"><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​cite
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
 +normal;">​‎Somerville</​cite><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​- Cited
 +by 58</​span></​div>​
 +<div style="​margin:​ 4px 0px 0px;"><​a
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​url?​url=http://​scholar.google.com/​scholar_url%3Furl%3Dhttp://​sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/​admin/​publication_files/​2007.39.pdf%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26scisig%3DAAGBfm1DV8vbXiLHy7i4T26cceRRQEB5ww%26nossl%3D1%26oi%3Dscholarr&​amp;​rct=j&​amp;​q=&​amp;​esrc=s&​amp;​sa=X&​amp;​ved=0CB4QgAMoATAAahUKEwj9ntjfgbLIAhVDbB4KHR-CCpg&​amp;​usg=AFQjCNGi-BPsvJcNzZjqMpp3ku57dOuwFw"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​… Newspaper coverage of
 +anthropogenic<​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​b>​climate
 +change</​b><​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​…</​a><​span
 +class="​f"​ style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);"><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​cite
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
 +normal;">​‎Boykoff</​cite><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​- Cited
 +by 271</​span></​div>​
 +<div style="​margin:​ 4px 0px 0px;"><​a
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​url?​url=http://​scholar.google.com/​scholar_url%3Furl%3Dhttp://​www.nescaum.org/​documents/​mac/​mac-committee-meeting-may08/​hansenclimate-iowa-17jan2008.pdf%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26scisig%3DAAGBfm2H0xj5WA_di2J1pkBwnF-f4tq9nA%26nossl%3D1%26oi%3Dscholarr&​amp;​rct=j&​amp;​q=&​amp;​esrc=s&​amp;​sa=X&​amp;​ved=0CB8QgAMoAjAAahUKEwj9ntjfgbLIAhVDbB4KHR-CCpg&​amp;​usg=AFQjCNFVWPgc5B0qqHlcpOryUzHgFYVw_A"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​The threat to the planet</​a><​span
 +class="​f"​ style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);"><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​-<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​cite
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
 +normal;">​‎Hansen</​cite><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​- Cited
 +by 109</​span></​div>​
 +</td>
 +</tr>
 +</​tbody>​
 +</​table>​
 +</​div>​
 +<hr class="​rgsep _l4" style="​border-width:​ 0px; color: rgba(0, 0,
 +0, 0.0666667); height: 1px; margin: 22px -8px 16px;
 +background-color:​ rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.0666667);"></​div>​
 +<div data-jibp="​h"​ data-jiis="​uc"​ id="​search"​ style="​color:​ rgb(34,
 +34, 34); font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size: medium;
 +font-style: normal; font-variant:​ normal; font-weight:​ normal;
 +letter-spacing:​ normal; line-height:​ normal; orphans: auto;
 +text-align: start; text-indent:​ 0px; text-transform:​ none;
 +white-space:​ normal; widows: 1; word-spacing:​ 0px;
 +-webkit-text-stroke-width:​ 0px; background-color:​ rgb(255, 255,
 +255);">​
 +<div data-ved="​0CCAQGmoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY">​
 +<h2 class="​hd"​ style="​position:​ absolute; width: 1px; height:
 +1px; top: -1000em; overflow: hidden;">​Search Results</​h2>​
 +<div
 +data-async-context="​query:​Climate%20Change%20Disinformation%20Campaign"​
 +id="​ires"​ style="​padding-top:​ 6px;">​
 +<ol eid="​z-0VVr37KMPYeZ-EqsAJ"​ id="​rso"​ style="​margin:​ 0px;
 +padding: 0px; border: 0px;">​
 +<div class="​srg">​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 23px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​34"​ style="​position:​
 +relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​blogs.law.widener.edu/​climate/​tag/​climate-change-disinformation-campaign/"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​1','​AFQjCNH0pcexOG98uTaeQNXPLN6OEK8zKw','','​0CCMQFjAAahUKEwj9ntjfgbLIAhVDbB4KHR-CCpg','','',​event)"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​climate change
 +disinformation campaign</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
 +84, 84); line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128); display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​
 +16px; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
 +normal; font-size: 14px;">​blogs.law.widener.edu/<​b>​climate</​b>/​.../<​b>​climate</​b>​-<​b>​change</​b>​-<​b>​disinformation</​b>​-<​b>​campai</​b>​...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​
 +inline; position: relative; margin: 0px 3px;
 +vertical-align:​ middle; -webkit-user-select:​
 +none;"><​a class="​_Fmb ab_button"​
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​search?​q=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​oq=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​aqs=chrome..69i57.1511j0j7&​amp;​sourceid=chrome&​amp;​es_sm=93&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
 +id="​am-b0"​ aria-label="​Result details"​
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 +role="​button"​
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 +style="​border-radius:​ 0px; cursor: default;
 +font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size:
 +11px; font-weight:​ bold; height: 12px;
 +line-height:​ 27px; margin: 0px; min-width:
 +0px; padding: 0px; text-align: center;
 +transition: none; -webkit-user-select:​ none;
 +border: 0px; color: rgb(128, 128, 128);
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 +background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33) transparent;​ border-style:​
 +solid; border-width:​ 5px 4px 0px
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 +margin-left:​ 3px; top: 7.5px; margin-top:
 +-4px; position: absolute; left: 0px;"></​span></​a>​
 +<div class="​action-menu-panel ab_dropdown"​
 +role="​menu"​ tabindex="​-1"​
 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
 +data-ved="​0CCUQqR8wAGoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​ style="​border:​ 1px
 +solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2); font-size: 13px;
 +padding: 0px; position: absolute; right:
 +auto; top: 12px; white-space:​ nowrap;
 +z-index: 3; transition: opacity 0.218s;
 +box-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2) 0px 2px 4px;
 +left: 0px; visibility: hidden; background:
 +rgb(255, 255, 255);">​
 +<ul style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px;">​
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
 +pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
 +pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;">​This article continues a
 +series of 15 previous articles on the “<em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​Climate Change
 +Disinformation Campaign</​em>​” that can be
 +found under that topic in the Index on this<​wbr>&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 23px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​40"​ style="​position:​
 +relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​www.campaigncc.org/​climate_change/​sceptics/​funders"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​2','​AFQjCNG_RoY9NYQa5zPkY1oDUMNriBf3CA','','​0CCkQFjABahUKEwj9ntjfgbLIAhVDbB4KHR-CCpg','','',​event)"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​The funders of climate
 +disinformation | Campaign against ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
 +84, 84); line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128); display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​
 +16px; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
 +normal; font-size: 14px;">​www.<​b>​campaign</​b>​cc.org/<​b>​climate</​b>​_<​b>​change</​b>/​...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​
 +inline; position: relative; margin: 0px 3px;
 +vertical-align:​ middle; -webkit-user-select:​
 +none;"><​a class="​_Fmb ab_button"​
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​search?​q=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​oq=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​aqs=chrome..69i57.1511j0j7&​amp;​sourceid=chrome&​amp;​es_sm=93&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
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 +style="​border-radius:​ 0px; cursor: default;
 +font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size:
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 +line-height:​ 27px; margin: 0px; min-width:
 +0px; padding: 0px; text-align: center;
 +transition: none; -webkit-user-select:​ none;
 +border: 0px; color: rgb(128, 128, 128);
 +box-shadow: 0px 0px 0px 0px; filter: none;
 +width: 13px; text-decoration:​ none; display:
 +inline-block;​ background-image:​ none;
 +background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33) transparent;​ border-style:​
 +solid; border-width:​ 5px 4px 0px
 +!important; width: 0px; height: 0px;
 +margin-left:​ 3px; top: 7.5px; margin-top:
 +-4px; position: absolute; left: 0px;"></​span></​a>​
 +<div class="​action-menu-panel ab_dropdown"​
 +role="​menu"​ tabindex="​-1"​
 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
 +data-ved="​0CCsQqR8wAWoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​ style="​border:​ 1px
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 +padding: 0px; position: absolute; right:
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 +z-index: 3; transition: opacity 0.218s;
 +box-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2) 0px 2px 4px;
 +left: 0px; visibility: hidden; background:
 +rgb(255, 255, 255);">​
 +<ul style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px;">​
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
 +pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
 +pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​
 +position: relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​1;​ri:;​site:​campaigncc.org"​
 +data-async-trigger="​cra-1-filled"​
 +jsaction="​crd.tglpop"​
 +data-ved="​0CC4Q5CswAWoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor:
 +pointer; display: inline-block;​ font-size:
 +14px;">​Campaign against Climate Change<​span
 +class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px
 +0px; border-style:​ solid; width: 0px;
 +height: 0px; top: 8.5px; position:
 +absolute; margin-left:​ 6px; margin-top:
 +-3px; border-color:​ rgb(170, 170, 170)
 +transparent !important;"></​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;">​The funders of climate<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​disinformation</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​...
 +Machine) found that they are now the leading
 +funder of<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change
 +disinformation</​em>,​ outdoing even ExxonMobil.</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 23px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​47"​ style="​position:​
 +relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​www.ucsusa.org/​global_warming/​solutions/​fight-misinformation/​global-warming-facts-and-fossil-fuel-industry-disinformation-tactics.html"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​3','​AFQjCNHHg03_uVZvnZ0OeZCLxSqgeUpODg','','​0CDAQFjACahUKEwj9ntjfgbLIAhVDbB4KHR-CCpg','','',​event)"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Exposing the
 +Disinformation Playbook: An Interactive ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
 +84, 84); line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128); display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​
 +16px; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
 +normal; font-size: 14px;">​www.ucsusa.org/​.../​global-warming-facts-a...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​
 +inline; position: relative; margin: 0px 3px;
 +vertical-align:​ middle; -webkit-user-select:​
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 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​search?​q=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​oq=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​aqs=chrome..69i57.1511j0j7&​amp;​sourceid=chrome&​amp;​es_sm=93&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
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 +style="​border-radius:​ 0px; cursor: default;
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 +line-height:​ 27px; margin: 0px; min-width:
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 +transition: none; -webkit-user-select:​ none;
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 +background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​
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 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
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 +</li>
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
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 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​
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 +<div class="​crl"​
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 +class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px
 +0px; border-style:​ solid; width: 0px;
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;">​In this interactive
 +slideshow, UCS reveals the tactics used by the
 +fossil fuel industry to spread<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​disinformation</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​and
 +delay action on<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​—
 +the very<​wbr>&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 23px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​54"​ style="​position:​
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 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
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 +Global Warming - CSI</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
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 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
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 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
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 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​
 +position: relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
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 +data-async-trigger="​cra-3-filled"​
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 +data-ved="​0CDwQ5CswA2oVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor:
 +pointer; display: inline-block;​ font-size:
 +14px;">​Committee for Skeptical Inquiry<​span
 +class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px
 +0px; border-style:​ solid; width: 0px;
 +height: 0px; top: 8.5px; position:
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;">​For the past decade I
 +have followed the growing evidence for<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​and
 +... This<​span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​disinformation
 +campaign</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​is
 +at least partly successful; polls (for
 +example,&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 23px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​61"​ style="​position:​
 +relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​www.scientificamerican.com/​article/​climate-change-disinformation-campaign/"​
 +onmousedown="​return
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Do You Accept the Science
 +of Climate Change? [Excerpt ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
 +84, 84); line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128); display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​
 +16px; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm bc"
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
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 +› ... › News</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​
 +inline; position: relative; margin: 0px 3px;
 +vertical-align:​ middle; -webkit-user-select:​
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 +rgb(0, 102, 33) transparent;​ border-style:​
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 +role="​menu"​ tabindex="​-1"​
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 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
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 +</li>
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
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 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​
 +position: relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​4;​ri:;​site:​scientificamerican.com"​
 +data-async-trigger="​cra-4-filled"​
 +jsaction="​crd.tglpop"​
 +data-ved="​0CEQQ5CswBGoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor:
 +pointer; display: inline-block;​ font-size:
 +14px;">​Scientific American<​span class="​_Bs"​
 +style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px;
 +border-style:​ solid; width: 0px; height:
 +0px; top: 8.5px; position: absolute;
 +margin-left:​ 6px; margin-top: -3px;
 +border-color:​ rgb(170, 170, 170)
 +transparent !important;"></​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;"><​span class="​f"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);">​Dec 14,
 +2012 -<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span></​span>​A
 +concerted, focused, and well-funded<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​campaign</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​of<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​disinformation</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​has
 +been waged against<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em>​.
 +This attempt to discredit the&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 23px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​70"​ style="​position:​
 +relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​thinkprogress.org/​climate/​2012/​01/​10/​399724/​ethical-analysis-of-the-climate-change-disinformation-campaign/"​
 +onmousedown="​return
 +rwt(this,'','','','​6','​AFQjCNGQPpHUbWAEEnwGNHjwrOLYXXpucg','','​0CEcQFjAFahUKEwj9ntjfgbLIAhVDbB4KHR-CCpg','','',​event)"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Ethical Analysis of the
 +Climate Change Disinformation ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
 +84, 84); line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128); display: block; height: 17px; line-height:​
 +16px; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
 +normal; font-size: 14px;">​thinkprogress.org/<​b>​climate</​b>/​.../​ethical-analysis-of-the-<​b>​climate</​b>​...</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​
 +inline; position: relative; margin: 0px 3px;
 +vertical-align:​ middle; -webkit-user-select:​
 +none;"><​a class="​_Fmb ab_button"​
 +href="​https://​www.google.com/​search?​q=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​oq=Climate+Change+Disinformation+Campaign&​amp;​aqs=chrome..69i57.1511j0j7&​amp;​sourceid=chrome&​amp;​es_sm=93&​amp;​ie=UTF-8#"​
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 +role="​button"​
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 +style="​border-radius:​ 0px; cursor: default;
 +font-family:​ arial, sans-serif; font-size:
 +11px; font-weight:​ bold; height: 12px;
 +line-height:​ 27px; margin: 0px; min-width:
 +0px; padding: 0px; text-align: center;
 +transition: none; -webkit-user-select:​ none;
 +border: 0px; color: rgb(128, 128, 128);
 +box-shadow: 0px 0px 0px 0px; filter: none;
 +width: 13px; text-decoration:​ none; display:
 +inline-block;​ background-image:​ none;
 +background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33) transparent;​ border-style:​
 +solid; border-width:​ 5px 4px 0px
 +!important; width: 0px; height: 0px;
 +margin-left:​ 3px; top: 7.5px; margin-top:
 +-4px; position: absolute; left: 0px;"></​span></​a>​
 +<div class="​action-menu-panel ab_dropdown"​
 +role="​menu"​ tabindex="​-1"​
 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
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 +<ul style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px;">​
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
 +pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​
 +position: relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
 +data-async-context="​res:​5;​ri:;​site:​thinkprogress.org"​
 +data-async-trigger="​cra-5-filled"​
 +jsaction="​crd.tglpop"​
 +data-ved="​0CEsQ5CswBWoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor:
 +pointer; display: inline-block;​ font-size:
 +14px;">​ThinkProgress<​span class="​_Bs"​
 +style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px;
 +border-style:​ solid; width: 0px; height:
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 +transparent !important;"></​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​f slp" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
 +128); display: block;">​by DA Brown - ‎<a
 +class="​fl"​
 +href="​https://​scholar.google.com/​scholar?​es_sm=93&​amp;​um=1&​amp;​ie=UTF-8&​amp;​lr&​amp;​cites=9566451848212694330"​
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 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26,
 +13, 171); cursor: pointer;">​Cited by 1</​a><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​- ‎<a
 +class="​fl"​
 +href="​https://​scholar.google.com/​scholar?​es_sm=93&​amp;​um=1&​amp;​ie=UTF-8&​amp;​lr&​amp;​q=related:​OsWYTUXdwoQk0M:​scholar.google.com/"​
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 +style="​text-decoration:​ none; color: rgb(26,
 +13, 171); cursor: pointer;">​Related articles</​a></​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;"><​span class="​f"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);">​Jan 10,
 +2012 -<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span></​span>​Over
 +the next few weeks, ClimateEthics will take a
 +deeper look at what has been referred to as the
 +“<em style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style:
 +normal; color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate
 +change disinformation campaign</​em>​”&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
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 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
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 +Crusade to Deny Global Warming by James Hoggan
 +with Richard ... all drafted and promoted
 +campaigns of<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change
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 +exposes the well-oiled propaganda<​span
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 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​campaign</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​designed
 +to&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Climate Change: The Single
 +Greatest Misinformation ...</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
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 +class="​_Bs"​ style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px
 +0px; border-style:​ solid; width: 0px;
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 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);">​Apr 24,
 +2015 -<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span></​span>​This
 +is perhaps the single greatest misinformation<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​campaign</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​in
 +world history. Virtually none of these claims
 +are even close to the truth—except&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 23px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​94"​ style="​position:​
 +relative;">​
 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​www.pbs.org/​wgbh/​pages/​frontline/​environment/​climate-of-doubt/​robert-brulle-inside-the-climate-change-countermovement/"​
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Robert Brulle: Inside the
 +Climate Change ... - PBS</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
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 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
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 +16px; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm bc"
 +style="​color:​ rgb(0, 102, 33); font-style:
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 +FRONTLINE › Environment › Climate of Doubt</​cite>​
 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​
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 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​crc"​ style="​display:​ inline-block;​
 +position: relative; margin-left:​ 4px;">​
 +<div class="​crl"​
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(119, 119, 119); cursor:
 +pointer; display: inline-block;​ font-size:
 +14px;">​PBS<​span class="​_Bs"​
 +style="​border-width:​ 4px 4px 0px;
 +border-style:​ solid; width: 0px; height:
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 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;"><​span class="​f"​
 +style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128, 128);">​Oct 23,
 +2012 -<span class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span></​span>​The<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​countermovement,​
 +as I call it, is really an ..... is that<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​is
 +virtually unspoken in both the Romney<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​campaign</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​and&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<div class="​g"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.2; text-align: left;
 +font-size: small; font-family:​ arial, sans-serif;
 +margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom:​ 16px;">​
 +<div class="​rc"​ data-hveid="​103"​ style="​position:​
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 +<h3 class="​r"​ style="​font-size:​ 18px; font-weight:​
 +normal; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: block;
 +overflow: hidden; text-overflow:​ ellipsis;
 +white-space:​ nowrap;"><​a
 +href="​http://​climatesafety.info/​the-bad-news/​climate-change-denial/"​
 +onmousedown="​return
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 +style="​color:​ rgb(102, 0, 153); cursor: pointer;
 +text-decoration:​ none;">​Denial and disinformation
 +| Centre for Climate Safety</​a></​h3>​
 +<div class="​s"​ style="​max-width:​ 42em; color: rgb(84,
 +84, 84); line-height:​ 18px;">​
 +<div>
 +<div class="​f kv _SWb" style="​color:​ rgb(128, 128,
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 +16px; white-space:​ nowrap;"><​cite class="​_Rm"​
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 +<div class="​action-menu ab_ctl"​ style="​display:​
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 +border: 0px; color: rgb(128, 128, 128);
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 +width: 13px; text-decoration:​ none; display:
 +inline-block;​ background-image:​ none;
 +background-color:​ white;"><​span
 +class="​mn-dwn-arw"​ style="​border-color:​
 +rgb(0, 102, 33) transparent;​ border-style:​
 +solid; border-width:​ 5px 4px 0px
 +!important; width: 0px; height: 0px;
 +margin-left:​ 3px; top: 7.5px; margin-top:
 +-4px; position: absolute; left: 0px;"></​span></​a>​
 +<div class="​action-menu-panel ab_dropdown"​
 +role="​menu"​ tabindex="​-1"​
 +jsaction="​keydown:​m.hdke;​mouseover:​m.hdhne;​mouseout:​m.hdhue"​
 +data-ved="​0CGoQqR8wCWoVChMI_Z7Y34GyyAIVQ2weCh0fggqY"​ style="​border:​ 1px
 +solid rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2); font-size: 13px;
 +padding: 0px; position: absolute; right:
 +auto; top: 12px; white-space:​ nowrap;
 +z-index: 3; transition: opacity 0.218s;
 +box-shadow: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2) 0px 2px 4px;
 +left: 0px; visibility: hidden; background:
 +rgb(255, 255, 255);">​
 +<ul style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px;">​
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
 +pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +<li class="​action-menu-item
 +ab_dropdownitem"​ role="​menuitem"​
 +style="​margin:​ 0px; padding: 0px;
 +border: 0px; list-style: none;
 +-webkit-user-select:​ none; cursor:
 +pointer;"><​br>​
 +</li>
 +</ul>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +<span class="​st"​ style="​line-height:​ 1.4;
 +word-wrap: break-word;">​“Report:​ Media gives<​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​deniers
 +disproportionate amount of attention. ... the<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​campaign</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​to
 +cast doubt on the science of<span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span><​em
 +style="​font-weight:​ bold; font-style: normal;
 +color: rgb(106, 106, 106);">​climate change</​em><​span
 +class="​Apple-converted-space">&​nbsp;</​span>​and
 +delay any&​nbsp;​...</​span></​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</ol>
 +</​div>​
 +</​div>​
 +</​div> ​
 +</​html>​
 +
 +  ​
humancauses.txt · Last modified: 2017/07/24 03:21 by admin